To: H.E. Mr. Filippo Grandi, High Commissioner, UNHCR, Geneva,
To : H.E. Dr. Tedros Adhanom, Director General, WHO Geneva
CC: Other Concerned UN Bodies, Host Countries of Eritrean Refugees
March 31, 2020
Subject:An Appeal for Protection of Eritreans at Home
and abroad from the Scourges of Corona virus
Dear UNHCR Commissioner, Mr. Filippo Grandi,
Dear WHO DG, Dr. Tedros Adhanom,
We, the undersigned entities representing the ensemble of Eritrean political
organizations in exile, felt the obligation of sending this earnest appeal to Your
Excellencies at UNHCR and WHO, with copies to concerned UN organs and countries
hosting Eritrean refugees, on top of them Sudan, Ethiopia, Yemen, Israel and Libya, in
order to draw the attention of the international humanitarian community to the plight of
Eritreans in many countries of the world.
We are deeply concerned, Sirs, that the pandemic caused by COVID-19 has now
reached our ill prepared country and the countries in the region that provide shelter to
most of the Eritrean refugees in one of world’s most conflict ridden and sensitive
regions. We are worried that, given the situation where many of our people lack access
to hand washing facilities and detergents - the most effective preventive treatment, the
pandemic would leave an even bigger number of people killed and cause more societal
disruption than in any other country in the world. For that we need the timely and
immediate attention and support of the international community led by appropriate
initiatives from your esteemed organizations, the UNHCR and WHO.
We believe you are well aware of the problems in Eritrea where young people flee the
country in thousands leaving the old and vulnerable at home. Local community
structures, charities and long-established religious support institutions and other societal
safety networks have been systematically demolished and exist no more. Most of the
UN humanitarian organizations and INGOs have not been active in Eritrea for decades.
The general public in today’s Eritrea is left pauperized and helpless. The reported over
300 dungeons in the country where thousands of pollical prisoners languish under
inhuman conditions are congested and poorly equipped to handle the current pandemic.
Divisions of the Eritrea’s huge army of conscripts and “national service” forced-labor
workers living in spartan and overcrowded camps will be an easy prey to the pandemic.
On the other hand, Eritrean refugees in camps and urban concentrations in Sudan,
Ethiopia, Yemen and Israel are likely to be ravaged by this pandemic without an
effective intervention of international humanitarian actors. Eritrean refugees in reception
camps and temporary shelters in many countries, including in many European countries,
shall be exposed to danger unless the host countries are advised and supported by
concerned bodies, especially the UNHCR and WHO.
We, therefore, strongly appeal for your most urgent measures that could prevent the
spread of COVID-19 in Eritrea, and in particular in the refugee camps and urban
concentration of Eritreans in several countries, especially in Africa. Needless to say, the
topmost priorities of action will include:
> Making sure that health clinics in those areas have access to adequate supply of
water, detergents, disinfection liquids, gloves, masks and napkins;
> Looking to it that local health centers and agencies have check-up facilities for
timely identification of persons infected with the vicious corona virus;
> The international humanitarian community to do what it takes to help people
inside Eritrea from the scourges of this pandemic.
We very much feel that you understand the essence of this modest call to you to
seriously look at the precarious situation of the estimated four million Eritreans at home
and about two million Eritreans in the diaspora who are exposed to the looming danger
facing our world today.
(Signatories) Chairpersons of
1. Eritrean National Council for Democratic Change (ENCDC)
2. Eritrean National Front (ENF)
3. Eritrean People’s Democratic Party (EPDP)
4. Organization Unity for Democratic Change (UDC)
5. United Eritreans for Justice (UEJ)
6. Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO)